Conflict Analysis Summary: Cote d'Ivoire
This report summarizes findings from an analysis undertaken as part of the UNICEF Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy Programme (PBEA) funded by the Government of the Netherlands. The purpose of the analysis was to explore the underlying causes of the Ivorian crisis, to investigate the effect of the multiple crises on the country's educational system, and to identify ways to support national efforts to consolidate peace in the country, particularly through education. The analysis included a document review of studies on education and conflict in the Ivorian context, as well as interviews and surveys of government officials and citizens in Yamoussoukro, Abidjan and 15 other areas. Interviews were conducted with government officials at the national and decentralized levels, university leaders, union representatives, teachers, students, school administrators, school management committees, and community, religious and traditional leaders.
A total of 1,450 students at 26 schools in 16 regions completed a survey that looked at their socio-demographic information, educational/professional trajectories, perceptions of the crises, and personal reflections on conflict, violence and the promotion of peace. In addition, primary school students were invited to draw their impressions of their school before, during and after the crises. Côte d'Ivoire's education system reflects the conflicts and tensions experienced within broader society, and the analysis identified a strong sentiment that peace promotion must engage all levels of society, not just the school. It also called for promoting an Ivorian approach to peace promotion, drawing on traditional alliances and a culture of forgiveness to promote peace. Peacebuilding entry points in education and learning include:
- Political and policy responses - Teacher training and Curriculum;
- Structural reforms - Security and School neutrality; and
- Individual and interpersonal changes - Values education and Culture of excellence.