Conflict Analysis Summary - Yemen
This report summarizes findings from a conflict analysis that was undertaken as part of the UNICEF Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy Programme (PBEA) funded by the Government of the Netherlands. The purpose of the report is to understand the conflict dynamics in Yemen and to develop entry points for engagement. Rooted in the United Nation's Inter-Agency Framework for Conflict Analysis in Transition Situations, this report includes adaptations for the country-specific context of Yemen. Data were gathered through a participatory process including interviews, conversations and focus group discussions with key stakeholders in Sana'a and Aden. Participants included government and United Nations officials, international organizations, bilateral donors, diplomatic missions, non-governmental organizations, researchers, political figures and activists. In addition, the findings were informed by an extensive document review. Security concerns and time constraints, however, prevented field visits.
While a small number of tribal figures, civil society representatives and activists was consulted, it was not possible to consult with rural populations. Peace dividends in education alone will be insufficient to make real changes to conflict dynamics in Yemen. New and innovative approaches that focus on opening up dialogue, supporting advocates for peace and fostering a sense of inclusion, trust and opportunity are needed. Potential peacebuilding entry points in education and learning include:
- Promote higher education sector development;
- Engage with key regional and local political and religious leaders;
- Expand women's access to jobs and education;
- Support market-linked livelihood activities in Yemen and abroad;
- Support transitional justice-related institutions;
- Develop programming via a ‘third tribe' approach;
- Support women-led peacebuilding organizations;
- Engage in integrated development planning processes at multiple levels;
- Pursue highly flexible funding models; Investigate options to improve access;
- Build on cultural norms of dialogue, empathy and support for the vulnerable; and
- Foster advocates for peace.