Planning for Language Use in Education
Best practices and practical steps to improve learning outcomes
This document is intended to serve as a summary of key research findings and best practices relevant to USAID's and other stakeholders' programming efforts with respect to language use in education, and as a resource for putting the evidence and lessons learned into practice. The guidance is based on information assembled from a review of findings on language use in education, particularly with respect to using familiar languages to provide instruction.
This review included academic research on language-of-instruction policies and practices, language acquisition, and reading development, as well as documentation regarding country-level and project-specific experiences and evaluations of efforts to provide instruction in L1, or other languages familiar to children, and L2/Lx. Citations and resources included in this guide are those that have been identified as the most relevant to USAID's work in early grade reading improvement, and in particular to the contexts in which its support is currently being provided, primarily multilingual sub-Saharan African countries. The document also draws on USAID's current efforts to provide reading instruction in familiar languages, including in Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda and Uganda, among others.