Preventing Violent Attacks on Education in Afghanistan
Considering the role of community-based schools
In 2005 I began studying community-based schools that were sponsored by an international nongovernmental organization, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in Afghanistan. This paper draws on observational data of community-based schools in the Panjshir Province and from a more recent large-scale study, also of CRS's schools, in Ghor Province. The latter was a mixed-methods study that included a randomized trial, case study and ethnographic methods to measure the impact of community-based schools on villages, households and children in Ghor Province.
Based on evidence gathered during these studies, and on data collected from community-based schools in other studies of Afghan populations, the following pages illuminate the ways in which these programmes may help prevent attacks on education. I argue that community-based schools can help reduce the likelihood and frequency of ideological and criminal attacks on education that affect both the demand and supply of education services. Community-based schools do this by eliminating the need for school buildings and reducing distance to school.